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BD2 - Nozzle thrust measurement

Direct-jet and reverse-jet engine nozzle and afterbody performance characteristics
Thrust measurement, mass low rate, pressure and distributions on single-flow and bypass-flow models of various scales

 

Typical tests

  • Nozzles or engine after bodies performance (mass flow, thrust).
  • Flow mixers (pressure and temperature maps at different distances downstream the nozzle exit). 
  • Thrust reversers jet angularities.

Test techniques

  • This is a blow down test stand with usable air storage of 3,500 kg, the blow down time depends on the maximum mass flow rate through the model.
  • Depending on the flow rates, 6 to 8 blow downs can be run per day.
  • The primary and secondary expansion ratios are controlled independently.
  • Outlet jet probing capability (pressure and temperature maps at different distances downstream the nozzle exit).
  • Outlet jet visualization capability by carbon gas injection in the internal flow.
  • Flow angularities can be measured either by probing or by laser velocimetry.
  • Infrared signature.

Characteristics

  • Forces range:
    • dynamometer thrust capacity: 9,000 N,
    • lateral component of the thrust capacity: 1,200 N.
  • Flows range:
    • primary flow range, 16 kg/s maximum mass flow rate in cold condition, maximal temperature 1,150 K allowed by the stand structure (see the mass flow vs pressure diagram);
    • secondary flow range, 16 kg/s maximum mass flow rate in cold condition, and 1.5 kg/s maximum at 450 K.

Measurements

  • Steady measurements = 96 analog channels, 16 bits A/D converter, digital lowpass filtering with a bandwidth from 0.01 to 10 Hz. Steady accuracy ±1 mV, resolution 0.3mV.
  • Unsteady measurements = 64 analog channels at 100 kHz per channel. 12 bits A/D converter, digital lowpass filtering with a bandwidth from 0 to 20 kHz (if necessary the number of channels can be increased).
  • Steady pressures = 992 channels (by DTC PSI®, system 8400)
  • Primary flow measurement: hot or cold mass flow rate by sonic throat mass flow meters, when hot flow, kerosene mass flow is measured by piston mass flow meter.
  • Secondary flow measurement: hot or cold mass flow rate by sonic throat mass flow meters upstream of the heater.
  • Laser velocimetry, IR signature and visualizations on request.

Accuracy:

  • thrust: ≤± 0.15 % of the calibration range,
  • lateral thrust component: <± 4 %,
  • mass flow: ≤± 0.1 %;